How does solar power work?
You can convert sunlight into electricity with the help of solar cells. Every single day, the solar panels on your roof are hit with light that carries photons (particles of sunlight). The solar panels convert these photons into electrons of DC (Direct Current) electricity. These electrons later flow out of the solar panels into the inverter and other safety devices. The inverter then converts the DC power which is generally used in batteries into AC power. It’s this AC power that you use in your daily routine electrical appliances like television, pc, oven, ac, etc.
What are solar cells?
Solar cells are tiny, square in shape panel semi-conductors manufactured using silicon and other conductive materials, fit into thin film layers. When sunlight hits a solar-cell, chemical reactions take place in which electrons are released, generating electric current. These solar cells are also known as Photovoltaic Cells or PV cells and can be seen on many small appliances such as calculators.
Solar PV system components.
A PV system is made of PV modules (groups of PV cells). They’re commonly termed as PV panels, one or more batteries, a charge regulator for standalone system, an inverter that converts DC to AC of utility grid connected system, wiring, and mounting hardware or framework. A PV panel arranges individual PV cells, and the panels are grouped together in an array. Some arrays are set on tracking devices that follow sunlight all day long improving systems efficiency.
How is it installed? Is the maintenance costly? How much is its longevity?
You can assemble a solar electric system yourself. But to circumvent any kind of complications or injuries, you will probably want to hire a reputed professional contractor with experience installing solar systems. As they are smart and sophisticated electric systems, PV systems have a couple of moving parts so they require a little maintenance. The basic PV panel system (an interconnected, enclosed panel of PV cells) has no parts making any movements and can last up to 30 years requiring negligible amount of maintenance. The components are made to meet strict dependability and durability standards to withstand the elements. You can ensure and extend the life as well as effectiveness by having it installed and maintained perfectly. Most PV system problems occur due to improper or sloppy system installations. We at KRANE SOLAR SOLUTIONS provide you a warranty of 25 years.
Implementing PV systems in your Business or Homes.
PV systems can be easily incorporated in both traditional and non-traditional homes, powering appliances and electrical systems. The PV module can be installed as a standalone system which is attached on your roof or is installed as a separate system or using integrated roofing materials with dual functions – that as a regular roofing shingle and as a solar cell making electricity. Mostly the modules are mounted on south facing roofs or walls. PV systems can also be integrated into virtually every conceivable structure of commercial buildings. You can also find PV installed outdoors for security lighting as well as in structures that serve as sheds for parking lots and bus stops.
How much sunlight do these PV systems require?
A PV system needs uninterrupted access to the sunlight for most or all of the day for working effectively. Shading on the system can significantly reduce energy produce. Climate is not a big concern as anyone who has received sunburn on an overcast day can tell you, much of the sun’s light still gets through to the Earth even if there are clouds in the sky. It’s that same light that is responsible for creating energy in solar panels. So, the answer is not surprisingly “Yes”. All year sunlight in abundance make solar energy systems effective and useful nearly everywhere in India.
How big should be the size of your solar PV system?
The size of your solar system is dependent on a number of factors like how much electricity or space heat or hot water you use, the size of your rooftop, how much are you willing to invest, how much energy you are willing to generate, etc. Get in touch with a system designer and installer to determine what kind of a system would fulfill your requirements also, what system size would offer you the financial payback.
Today, looking to the current energy requirement, in India, Solar power has inherent advantage of being absolutely affluent free. It does not require maintenance. Therefore this is an assured source of electricity. The encouraging GDP growth translates to higher requirement of energy, the gap between generation and consumption is increasing resulting into energy crisis. We feel, this is the high time when we promote and adopt solar power for our own consumption.